Important events of 8 July
1099 – On 8 July Some 15,000 ravenous Christian soldiers begin the siege of Jerusalem via marching in a spiritual procession round the metropolis as its Muslim defenders watch.
1283 – Roger of Lauria, commanding the Aragonese fleet, defeats an Angevin fleet sent to place down a rise up on Malta.
1497 – Vasco da Gama sets sail on the first direct European voyage to India.
1579 – Our Lady of Kazan, a holy icon of the Russian Orthodox Church, is observed underground in the town of Kazan, Tatarstan.
1663 – Charles II of England presents John Clarke a Royal constitution to Rhode Island.
1709 – Peter I of Russia defeats Charles XII of Sweden at the Battle of Poltava, thus correctly ending Sweden’s popularity as a major electricity in Europe.
1716 – The Battle of Dynekilen forces Sweden to abandon its invasion of Norway.
1730 – An estimated importance 8.7 earthquake causes a tsunami that damages extra than 1,000 km (620 mi) of Chile’s coastline.
1758 – French forces maintain Fort Carillon towards the British at Ticonderoga, New York.
1760 – British forces defeat French forces within the closing naval battle in New France.
1775 – The Olive Branch Petition is signed by way of the Continental Congress of the Thirteen Colonies of North America.
1776 – Church bells (likely inclusive of the Liberty Bell) are rung after John Nixon grants the primary public studying of the Declaration of Independence of the United States.
1808 – Joseph Bonaparte approves the Bayonne Statute, a royal charter intended as the idea for his rule as king of Spain.
1822 – Chippewas turn over a big tract of land in Ontario to the United Kingdom.
1853 – The Perry Expedition arrives in Edo Bay with a treaty inquiring for trade.
1859 – King Charles XV & IV accedes to the throne of Sweden–Norway.
1864 – Ikedaya Incident: The Choshu Han shishi’s deliberate Shinsengumi sabotage on Kyoto, Japan at Ikedaya.
1874 – The Mounties begin their March West.
1876 – The Hamburg massacre previous to the 1876 United States presidential election results inside the deaths of six African-Americans of the Republican Party, in conjunction with one white assailant.
1879 – Sailing ship USS Jeannette departs San Francisco carrying an ill-fated expedition to the North Pole.
1889 – The first issue of The Wall Street Journal is published.
1892 – St. John’s, Newfoundland is devastated within the Great Fire of 1892.
1898 – The dying of crime boss Soapy Smith, killed within the Shootout on Juneau Wharf, releases Skagway, Alaska from his iron grip.
1912 – Henrique Mitchell de Paiva Couceiro leads an unsuccessful royalist attack in opposition to the First Portuguese Republic in Chaves.
1932 – The Dow Jones Industrial Average reaches its lowest stage of the Great Depression, closing at 41.22.
1933 – The first rugby union test suit among the Wallabies of Australia and the Springboks of South Africa is played at Newlands Stadium in Cape Town.
1937 – Turkey, Iran, Iraq and Afghanistan signal the Treaty of Saadabad.
1947 – Reports are broadcast that a UFO crash landed in Roswell, New Mexico in what became known as the Roswell UFO incident.
1948 – The United States Air Force accepts its first female recruits into a program called Women inside the Air Force (WAF).
1960 – Francis Gary Powers is charged with espionage as a consequence of his flight over the Soviet Union.
1962 – Ne Win besieges and dynamites the Rangoon University Student Union constructing to weigh down the Student Movement.
1966 – King Mwambutsa IV Bangiriceng of Burundi is deposed by using his son Prince Charles Ndizi.
1968 – The Chrysler wildcat strike starts offevolved in Detroit, Michigan.
1970 – Richard Nixon grants a special congressional message enunciating Native American self-dedication as respectable US Indian policy, leading to the Indian Self-Determination and Education Assistance Act of 1975.
1972 – Israeli Mossad assassinate Palestinian creator Ghassan Kanafani.
1980 – The inaugural 1980 State of Origin recreation is won by Queensland who defeat New South Wales 20–10 at Lang Park.
1982 – A failed assassination try against Iraqi president Saddam Hussein results within the Dujail Massacre over the next numerous months.
1988 – The Island Express teach travelling from Bangalore to Kanyakumari derails at the Peruman bridge and falls into Ashtamudi Lake, killing a hundred and five passengers and injuring over 200 more.
1994 – Kim Jong-il starts offevolved to count on preferrred management of North Korea upon the death of his father, Kim Il-sung.
2003 – Sudan Airways Flight 139 crashes near Port Sudan Airport during an emergency landing attempt, killing 116 of the 117 people on board.
2011 – Space Shuttle Atlantis is released in the final task of the U.S. Space Shuttle program.
2014 – Israel launches an offensive on Gaza amid rising tensions following the abduction and murder of 3 Israeli teenagers.
Holidays and observances
Christian Feast Day:
Abda and Sabas
Auspicius of Trier
Kilian, Totnan, and Colman
Peter and Fevronia Day (Russian Orthodox)
Procopius of Scythopolis
Sunniva and companions
Theobald of Marly
July 8 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
Air Force and Air Defense Forces Day (Ukraine)