December 3 Events
915 –On December 3 Pope John X crowns Berengar I of Italy as Holy Roman Emperor .
1775 – USS Alfred becomes the primary vessel to fly the Grand Union Jack (the precursor to the celebs and Stripes); the flag is hoisted by John Paul Jones.
1799 – War of the Second Coalition: Battle of Wiesloch: Austrian Lieutenant marshal Anton Sztáray defeats the French at Wiesloch.
1800 – War of the Second Coalition: Battle of Hohenlinden: French General Moreau decisively defeats the Archduke John of Austria near Munich. including First Consul Napoleon Bonaparte’s earlier victory at Marengo, this may force the Austrians to sign an armistice and end the war.
1800 – 1800 us presidential election: The body casts votes for president and vice chairman that resulted during a tie between Jefferson and Burr .
1818 – Illinois becomes the 21st U.S. state.
1834 – The Zollverein (German Customs Union) begins the primary regular census in Germany.
1854 – Battle of the Eureka Stockade: quite 20 gold miners at Ballarat, Victoria, are killed by state troopers in an uprising over mining licences.
1898 – The Duquesne Country and Athletic Club defeats an all-star collection of early football players 16–0, in what’s considered to be the very first all-star game for professional American football .
1901 – during a State of the Union message, U.S. President Roosevelt delivers a 20,000-word speech to the House of Representatives asking Congress to curb the facility of trusts “within reasonable limits”.
1904 – The Jovian moon Himalia is discovered by Charles Dillon Perrine at California’s Lick Observatory.
1910 – Modern neon lighting is first demonstrated by Georges Claude at the Paris Motor Show.
1912 – Bulgaria, Greece, Montenegro, and Serbia (the Balkan League) sign an armistice with the Ottoman Empire , temporarily halting the primary Balkan War. (The armistice will expire on February 3, 1913, and hostilities will resume.)
1919 – After nearly 20 years of designing and construction, including two collapses causing 89 deaths, the Quebec Bridge opens to traffic.
1920 – Following quite a month of Turkish–Armenian War, the Turkish-dictated Treaty of Alexandropol is concluded.
1929 – President Hoover delivers his Delaware of the Union message to Congress. it’s presented within the sort of a written message instead of a speech.
1944 – Greek Civil War: Fighting breaks call at Athens between the ELAS and government forces supported by British Army.
1959 – the present flag of Singapore is adopted, six months after Singapore became self-governing within British Empire.
1960 – The musical Camelot debuts at the Majestic Theatre on Broadway. it’ll become related to the Kennedy administration.
1967 – At Groote Schuur Hospital in Cape Town , South Africa , a transplant team headed by Christiaan Barnard carries out the primary heart transplant on a person’s (53-year-old Louis Washkansky).
1971 – Indo-Pakistani War of 1971: Pakistan launches a surprise attack against India and a full-scale war begins.
1973 – Pioneer program: Pioneer 10 sends back the primary close-up images of Jupiter.
1979 – In Cincinnati, 11 fans are suffocated during a crush for seats on the concourse outside Riverfront Coliseum before a Who concert.
1979 – Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini becomes the primary Supreme Leader of Iran.
1982 – A soil sample is taken from Times Beach, Missouri, which will be found to contain 300 times the safe level of dioxin.
1984 – Bhopal disaster: A methyl isocyanate leak from a Union Carbide pesticide plant in Bhopal, India, kills quite 3,800 people outright and injures 150,000–600,000 others (some 6,000 of whom would later die from their injuries) in one among the worst industrial disasters in history.
1989 – during a meeting off the coast of Malta, U.S. President George H. W. Bush and Soviet leader Gorbachev release statements indicating that the conflict between NATO and therefore the Warsaw Pact could also be coming to an end.
1992 – The Greek oiler Aegean , carrying 80,000 tonnes of petroleum , runs aground during a storm while approaching A Coruña, Spain, and spills much of its cargo.
1992 – A test engineer for Sema Group uses a private computer to send the world’s first text message via the Vodafone network to the phone of a colleague.
1994 – Taiwan holds its first full local elections; James Soong elected because the first and only direct elected Governor of Taiwan, Chen Shui-bian became the primary direct elected Mayor of Taipei, Wu Den-yih became the primary directed Mayor of Kaohsiung.
1995 – Cameroon Airlines Flight 3701 crashes on approach to Douala International Airport in Douala, Cameroon, killing 71 of the 76 people on board.
1997 – In Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, representatives from 121 countries sign the Ottawa Treaty prohibiting manufacture and deployment of anti-personnel landmines. The us , People’s Republic of China, and Russia don’t sign the treaty, however.
1999 – NASA loses radio contact with the Mars Polar Lander moments before the spacecraft enters the Martian atmosphere.
2005 – XCOR Aerospace makes the primary manned rocket aircraft delivery of U.S. Mail in Kern County, California.
2007 – Winter storms cause the Chehalis River to flood many cities in Lewis County, Washington, and shut a 20-mile portion of Interstate 5 for several days. a minimum of eight deaths and billions of dollars in damages are blamed on the floods.
2009 – A bombing at a hotel in Mogadishu, Somalia, kills 25 people, including three ministers of the Transitional federal .
2012 – a minimum of 475 people are killed after Typhoon Bopha makes landfall within the Philippines.
2014 – the japanese space agency, JAXA, launches the space explorer Hayabusa2 from the Tanegashima Space Center on a six-year trip mission to an asteroid to gather rock samples