229 – Sun Quan announces himself emperor of Eastern Wu.
1266 – War of Saint Sabas: In the Battle of Trapani, the Venetians defeat a bigger Genoese fleet, shooting all its ships.
1280 – The Battle of Moclín takes place within the context of the Spanish Reconquista pitting the forces of the Kingdom of Castile in opposition to the Emirate of Granada. The war resulted in a Granadian victory.
1305 – A peace treaty between the Flemish and the French is signed at Athis-sur-Orge.
1314 – First War of Scottish Independence: The Battle of Bannockburn (south of Stirling) begins.
1532 – Henry VIII of England and Francis I of France sign a mystery treaty in opposition to Emperor Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor.
1565 – Dragut, commander of the Ottoman navy, dies throughout the Great Siege of Malta.
1594 – The Action of Faial, Azores. The Portuguese carrack Cinco Chagas, loaded with slaves and treasure, is attacked and sunk by way of English ships with handiest 13 survivors out of over seven-hundred on board.
1611 – The mutinous group of Henry Hudson’s fourth voyage sets Henry, his son and 7 loyal team participants adrift in an open boat in what’s now Hudson Bay; they’re by no means heard from again.
1683 – William Penn symptoms a friendship treaty with Lenni Lenape Indians in Pennsylvania.
1713 – The French citizens of Acadia are given one year to claim allegiance to Britain or go away Nova Scotia, Canada.
1757 – Battle of Plassey: Three thousand British troops underneath Robert Clive defeat a 50,000-strong Indian army under Siraj ud-Daulah at Plassey.
1758 – Seven Years’ War: Battle of Krefeld: British, Hanoverian, and Prussian forces defeat French troops at Krefeld in Germany.
1760 – Seven Years’ War: Battle of Landeshut: Austria defeats Prussia.
1780 – American Revolution: Battle of Springfield fought in and round Springfield, New Jersey (inclusive of Short Hills, formerly of Springfield, now of Millburn Township).
1794 – Empress Catherine II of Russia grants Jews permission to settle in Kiev.
1810 – John Jacob Astor paperwork the Pacific Fur Company.
1812 – War of 1812: Great Britain revokes the regulations on American commerce, therefore eliminating one of the chief reasons for going to war.
1860 – The United States Congress establishes the Government Printing Office.
1865 – American Civil War: At Fort Towson within the Oklahoma Territory, Confederate Brigadier General Stand Watie surrenders the ultimate vast Confederate army.
1868 – Typewriter: Christopher Latham Sholes obtained a patent for an invention he known as the “Type-Writer.”
1887 – The Rocky Mountains Park Act will become law in Canada growing the nation’s first countrywide park, Banff National Park.
1894 – The International Olympic Committee is founded on the Sorbonne in Paris, at the initiative of Baron Pierre de Coubertin.
1913 – Second Balkan War: The Greeks defeat the Bulgarians within the Battle of Doiran.
1914 – Mexican Revolution: Pancho Villa takes Zacatecas from Victoriano Huerta.
1917 – In a game towards the Washington Senators, Boston Red Sox pitcher Ernie Shore retires 26 batters in a row after changing Babe Ruth, who were ejected for punching the umpire.
1919 – Estonian War of Independence: The decisive defeat of the Baltische Landeswehr in the Battle of Cēsis; this date is widely known as Victory Day in Estonia.
1926 – The College Board administers the primary SAT exam.
1931 – Wiley Post and Harold Gatty take off from Roosevelt Field, Long Island in an try to circumnavigate the arena in a single-engine plane.
1938 – The Civil Aeronautics Act is signed into regulation, forming the Civil Aeronautics Authority inside the United States.
1940 – Adolf Hitler goes on a three-hour excursion of the architecture of Paris with architect Albert Speer and sculptor Arno Breker in his handiest visit to the city.
1940 – Henry Larsen begins the first a hit west-to-east navigation of Northwest Passage from Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.
1941 – The Lithuanian Activist Front proclaims independence from the Soviet Union and paperwork the Provisional Government of Lithuania; it lasts simplest briefly as the Nazis will occupy Lithuania a few weeks later.
1942 – World War II: Germany’s state-of-the-art fighter aircraft, a Focke-Wulf Fw 190, is captured intact when it mistakenly lands at RAF Pembrey in Wales.
1946 – The 1946 Vancouver Island earthquake strikes Vancouver Island, British Columbia, Canada.
1947 – The United States Senate follows america House of Representatives in overriding U.S. President Harry S. Truman’s veto of the Taft–Hartley Act.
1951 – The ocean liner, SS United States, is christened and launched.
1956 – The French National Assembly takes step one in growing the French Community through passing the Loi Cadre, transferring some of powers from Paris to elected territorial governments in French West Africa.
1959 – Convicted Manhattan Project undercover agent Klaus Fuchs is launched after only 9 years in jail and allowed to emigrate to Dresden, East Germany wherein he resumes a scientific career.
1960 – The United States Food and Drug Administration pronounces Enovid to be the first formally approved mixed oral contraceptive pill within the world.
1961 – Cold War: The Antarctic Treaty, which sets apart Antarctica as a scientific maintain and bans navy activity at the continent, comes into force 18 months after the opening date for signature turned into set for December 1, 1959.
1967 – Cold War: U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson meets with Soviet Premier Alexei Kosygin in Glassboro, New Jersey for the three-day Glassboro Summit Conference.
1969 – Warren E. Burger is sworn in as Chief Justice of the United States Supreme Court via retiring Chief Justice Earl Warren.
1969 – IBM announces that powerful January 1970 it will fee its software and offerings one at a time from hardware therefore developing the present day software program industry.
1972 – Watergate scandal: U.S. President Richard M. Nixon and White House Chief of Staff H. R. Haldeman are taped talking about using the Central Intelligence Agency to impede the Federal Bureau of Investigation’s research into the Watergate break-ins.
1972 – Title IX of the US Civil Rights Act of 1964 is amended to limit sexual discrimination to any instructional program receiving federal funds.
1973 – A fire at a residence in Hull, England, which kills a six-year-vintage boy is befell as an accident; it later emerges because the first of 26 deaths with the aid of fireplace brought on over the next seven years with the aid of serial arsonist Peter Dinsdale.
1985 – A terrorist bomb explodes at Narita International Airport near Tokyo. An hour later, the equal organization detonates a 2d bomb aboard Air India Flight 182, bringing the Boeing 747 down off the coast of Ireland killing all 329 aboard.
1991 – Sonic the Hedgehog is released to American audiences, then to PAL and Japanese audiences a month later, kickstarting the successful Sonic franchise.
1996 – The Nintendo sixty four home video game console is launched in Japan, ultimately promoting 32.ninety three million units worldwide.
2001 – The 8.4 Mw southern Peru earthquake shakes coastal Peru with a most Mercalli depth of VIII (Severe). A damaging tsunami followed, leaving at the least 74 humans dead, and 2,687 injured.
2012 – Ashton Eaton breaks the decathlon world record at the United States Olympic Trials.
2013 – Nik Wallenda will become the primary guy to efficaciously walk across the Grand Canyon on a tight rope.
2013 – Militants stormed a high-altitude mountaineering base camp close to Nanga Parbat in Gilgit–Baltistan, Pakistan killing ten climbers, and a neighborhood guide.
2014 – The ultimate of Syria’s declared chemical weapons are shipped out for destruction.
2016 – The United Kingdom votes in a referendum to depart the European Union, by means of 52% to 48%.
2017 – A collection of terrorist attacks passed off in Pakistan resulting in ninety six deaths and wounded 200 others.
Holidays and observances
Christian dinner party day:
Marie of Oignies
June 23 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
Earliest day on which Feast of Raḥmat can fall, at the same time as June 24 is the brand new. (Bahá’í Faith)
Father’s Day (Nicaragua, Poland)
Grand Duke’s Official Birthday (Luxembourg)
International Widows Day (international)
National Day of Remembrance for Victims of Terrorism (Canada)
Okinawa Memorial Day (Okinawa Prefecture)
St John’s Eve and the first day of the Midsummer celebrations [although this is not the real summer solstice; see June 20] (Roman Catholic Church, Europe):
Bonfires of Saint John (Spain)
First night time of Festa de São João do Porto (Porto)
First day of Golowan Festival (Cornwall)
Kupala Night (Belarus, Lithuania, Poland, Russia, Ukraine)
Last day of Drăgaica fair (Buzău, Romania)
United Nations Public Service Day (International)
Victory Day (Estonia)