Important events of 20 July
AD 70 – On 20 July Siege of Jerusalem: Titus, son of emperor Vespasian, storms the Fortress of Antonia north of the Temple Mount. The Roman navy is drawn into avenue fights with the Zealots, July 20 events.
792 – Kardam of Bulgaria defeats Byzantine Emperor Constantine VI on the Battle of Marcellae.
911 – Rollo lays siege to Chartres.
1189 – Richard I of England formally invested as Duke of Normandy.
1225 – Treaty of San Germano is signed at San Germano among Holy Roman Emperor Frederick II and Pope Gregory IX. A Dominican named Guala is chargeable for the negotiations.
1398 – The Battle of Kellistown changed into fought in this day among the forces of the English led via way of means of Roger Mortimer, 4th Earl of March in opposition to the O’Byrnes and O’Tooles beneathneath the command of Art Óg mac Murchadha Caomhánach, the maximum effective Chieftain in Leinster.
1402 – Ottoman-Timurid Wars: Battle of Ankara: Timur, ruler of Timurid Empire, defeats forces of the Ottoman Empire sultan Bayezid I.
1592 – During the primary Japanese invasion of Korea, Japanese forces led via way of means of Toyotomi Hideyoshi captured Pyongyang, despite the fact that they had been in the long run not able to preserve it.
1715 – Seventh Ottoman–Venetian War: The Ottoman Empire captures Nauplia, the capital of the Republic of Venice’s “Kingdom of the Morea”, thereby establishing the manner to the fast Ottoman reconquest of the Morea.
1738 – Canadian explorer Pierre Gaultier de Varennes et de La Vérendrye reaches the western shore of Lake Michigan.
1799 – Tekle Giyorgis I starts offevolved his first of six reigns as Emperor of Ethiopia.
1807 – Nicéphore Niépce is offered a patent via way of means of Napoleon for the Pyréolophore, the world’s first inner combustion engine, after it correctly powered a ship upstream at the river Saône in France.
1810 – Citizens of Bogotá, New Granada claim independence from Spain.
1831 – Seneca and Shawnee humans conform to relinquish their land in western Ohio for 60,000 acres west of the Mississippi River.
1848 – The first Women’s Rights Convention in Seneca Falls, New York, a -day event, concludes.
1864 – American Civil War: Battle of Peachtree Creek: Near Atlanta, Georgia, Confederate forces led via way of means of General John Bell Hood unsuccessfully assault Union troops beneathneath General William T. Sherman.
1866 – Austro-Prussian War: Battle of Lissa: The Austrian Navy, led via way of means of Admiral Wilhelm von Tegetthoff, defeats the Italian Navy close to the island of Vis withinside the Adriatic Sea.
1871 – British Columbia joins the confederation of Canada.
1885 – The Football Association legalizes professionalism in affiliation soccer beneathneath strain from the British Football Association.
1903 – The Ford Motor Company ships its first automobile.
1917 – World War I: The Corfu Declaration, which ends up in the advent of the post-conflict Kingdom of Yugoslavia, is signed via way of means of the Yugoslav Committee and Kingdom of Serbia.
1920 – The Greek Army takes manage of Silivri after Greece is offered the town via way of means of the Paris Peace Conference; via way of means of 1923 Greece correctly misplaced manage to the Turks.
1922 – The League of Nations awards mandates of Togoland to France and Tanganyika to the United Kingdom.
1932 – In the Preußenschlag, German President Hindenburg locations Prussia without delay beneathneath the guideline of thumb of the countrywide authorities.
1934 – Labor unrest withinside the U.S.: Police in Minneapolis hearthplace upon putting truck drivers, for the duration of the Minneapolis Teamsters Strike of 1934, killing and wounding sixty-seven.
1934 – West Coast waterfront strike: In Seattle, police hearthplace tear fueloline on and membership 2,000 putting longshoremen. The governor of Oregon calls out the National Guard to interrupt a strike at the Portland docks.
1935 – Switzerland: A Royal Dutch Airlines aircraft en path from Milan to Frankfurt crashes right into a Swiss mountain, killing thirteen.
1936 – The Montreux Convention is signed in Switzerland, authorizing Turkey to improve the Dardanelles and Bosphorus however making certain loose passage to ships of all international locations in peacetime.
1938 – The United States Department of Justice documents in shape in New York City in opposition to the movement photo enterprise charging violations of the Sherman Antitrust Act regarding the studio system. The case might finally bring about a spoil-up of the enterprise in 1948.
1940 – Denmark leaves the League of Nations.
1940 – California opens its first freeway, the Arroyo Seco Parkway.
1941 – Soviet chief Joseph Stalin consolidates the Commissariats of Home Affairs and National Security to shape the NKVD and names Lavrentiy Beria its chief.
1944 – World War II: Adolf Hitler survives an assassination try led via way of means of German Army Colonel Claus von Stauffenberg.
1949 – The Israel–Syria Mixed Armistice Commission agents the remaining of 4 ceasefire agreements to stop the 1948 Arab–Israeli War.
1950 – Cold War: In Philadelphia, Harry Gold pleads responsible to spying for the Soviet Union via way of means of passing secrets and techniques from atomic scientist Klaus Fuchs.
1951 – King Abdullah I of Jordan is assassinated via way of means of a Palestinian whilst attending Friday prayers in Jerusalem.
1954 – Germany: Otto John, head of West Germany’s mystery service, defects to East Germany.
1960 – Ceylon (now Sri Lanka) elects Sirimavo Bandaranaike Prime Minister, the world’s first elected woman head of authorities.
1960 – The Polaris missile is correctly released from a submarine, the USS George Washington, for the primary time.
1961 – French navy forces spoil the Tunisian siege of Bizerte.
1964 – Vietnam War: Viet Cong forces assault the capital of Định Tường Province, Cái Bè, killing eleven South Vietnamese navy employees and forty civilians (30 of whom are children).
1968 – The first International Special Olympics Summer Games are held at Soldier Field in Chicago, with approximately 1,000 athletes with highbrow disabilities.
1969 – Apollo program: Apollo eleven’s group correctly makes the primary manned touchdown at the Moon withinside the Sea of Tranquility. Americans Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin come to be the primary human beings to stroll at the Moon six and a 1/2 of hours later.
1969 – A stop hearthplace is introduced among Honduras and El Salvador, six days after the start of the “Football War”.
1974 – Turkish invasion of Cyprus: Forces from Turkey invade Cyprus after a coup d’état, organised via way of means of the dictator of Greece, in opposition to president Makarios.
1976 – The American Viking 1 lander correctly lands on Mars.
1977 – The Central Intelligence Agency releases files beneathneath the Freedom of Information Act revealing it had engaged in mind-manage experiments.
1977 – The Johnstown flood of 1977 kills eighty four humans and reasons tens of thousands and thousands of bucks in damages.
1982 – Hyde Park and Regent’s Park bombings: The Provisional IRA detonates bombs in Hyde Park and Regent’s Park in principal London, killing 8 squaddies, wounding forty-seven humans, and main to the deaths of 7 horses.
1985 – The authorities of Aruba passes law to secede from the Netherlands Antilles.
1989 – Burma’s ruling junta places competition chief Daw Aung San Suu Kyi beneathneath residence arrest.
1992 – Václav Havel resigns as president of Czechoslovakia.
1997 – The completely restored USS Constitution (a.K.A. Old Ironsides) celebrates its 2 hundredth birthday via way of means of putting sail for the primary time in 116 years.
1999 – The Chinese Communist Party starts offevolved a persecution marketing campaign in opposition to Falun Gong, arresting lots nationwide.
2005 – The Civil Marriage Act legalizes same-intercourse marriage in Canada.
2012 – James Holmes opened hearthplace at a film theater in Aurora, Colorado, killing 12 and injuring 70 others.
2013 – Seventeen authorities squaddies are killed in an assault via way of means of FARC revolutionaries withinside the Colombian branch of Arauca.
2015 – A big explosion withinside the typically Kurdish border metropolis of Suruç, Turkey, focused on the Socialist Youth Associations Federation, kills at the least 31 humans and injures over 100.
2015 – The United States and Cuba resume complete diplomatic members of the family after 5 decades.
2017 – O. J. Simpson is granted parole to be launched from jail after serving 9 years of a 33-yr sentence after being convicted of armed theft in Las Vegas.
Holidays and observances
Thorlac (relic translation)
Birthday of Crown Prince Haakon Magnus (Norway)
Christian feast day:
Apollinaris of Ravenna
Ealhswith (or Elswith)
Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Amelia Bloomer, Sojourner Truth, and Harriet Ross Tubman (Episcopal Church (USA))
John Baptist Yi (one of The Korean Martyrs)
Margaret the Virgin
Wilgefortis (cult suppressed)
July 20 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
Día del Amigo (Argentina, Brazil)
Engineer’s Day (Costa Rica)
Independence Day, celebrates the independence declaration of Colombia from Spain in 1810.
International Chess Day
Lempira Day (Honduras)
Tree Planting Day (Central African Republic)