Important events of 12 July
AD 70 – On 12 July The armies of Titus assault the partitions of Jerusalem after a six-month siege. Three days later they breach the partitions, which allows the navy to wreck the Second Temple.
927 – King Constantine II of Scotland, King Hywel Dda of Deheubarth, Ealdred of Bamburgh and King Owain of the Cumbrians regularly occurring the overlordship of King Æthelstan of England, leading to seven years of peace in the north.
1191 – Third Crusade: Saladin’s garrison surrenders to Philip Augustus, finishing the -12 months siege of Acre.
1470 – The Ottomans seize Euboea.
1493 – Hartmann Schedel’s Nuremberg Chronicle, one of the best-documented early published books, is published.
1527 – Lê Cung Hoàng ceded the throne to Mạc Đăng Dung, ending the Lê dynasty and starting the Mạc dynasty.
1543 – King Henry VIII of England marries his 6th and remaining wife, Catherine Parr, at Hampton Court Palace.
1562 – Fray Diego de Landa, performing Bishop of Yucatán, burns the sacred books of the Maya.
1576 – Mughal Empire annexes Bengal after defeating the Bengal Sultanate on the Battle of Rajmahal.
1580 – The Ostrog Bible, one of the early revealed Bibles in a Slavic language, is published.
1691 – Battle of Aughrim (Julian calendar): The decisive victory of William III of England’s forces in Ireland.
1776 – Captain James Cook starts offevolved his third voyage.
1789 – In reaction to the dismissal of the French finance minister Jacques Necker, the radical journalist Camille Desmoulins offers a speech which results in the storming of the Bastille two days later.
1790 – The Civil Constitution of the Clergy is surpassed in France by using the National Constituent Assembly.
1799 – Ranjit Singh conquers Lahore and will become Maharaja of the Punjab (Sikh Empire).
1801 – British ships inflict heavy damage on Spanish and French ships in the Second Battle of Algeciras.
1806 – At the insistence of Napoleon, Bavaria, Baden, Württemberg and thirteen minor principalities leave the Holy Roman Empire and form the Confederation of the Rhine.
1812 – The American Army of the Northwest briefly occupies the Upper Canadian agreement at what’s now at Windsor, Ontario.
1862 – The Medal of Honor is authorized by means of the United States Congress.
1913 – Serbian forces begin their siege of the Bulgarian town of Vidin; the siege is later called off while the battle ends.
1917 – The Bisbee Deportation occurs as vigilantes kidnap and deport almost 1,300 striking miners and others from Bisbee, Arizona.
1918 – The Imperial Japanese Navy battleship Kawachi blows up at Shunan, western Honshu, Japan, killing at the least 621.
1920 – The Soviet–Lithuanian Peace Treaty is signed, via which Soviet Russia recognizes the independence of Lithuania.
1943 – German and Soviet forces engage in one of the largest armored engagements of all time.
1948 – Israeli Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion orders the expulsion of Palestinians from the cities of Lod and Ramla.
1960 – Orlyonok, the main Young Pioneer camp of the Russian SFSR, is founded.
1961 – Indian town Pune floods due to failure of the Khadakwasla and Panshet dams, killing as a minimum thousand people.
1962 – The Rolling Stones perform for the first time at London’s Marquee Club.
1963 – Pauline Reade, 16, disappears in Gorton, England, the first victim inside the Moors murders.
1967 – Riots begin in Newark, New Jersey.
1971 – The Australian Aboriginal Flag is flown for the first time.
1973 – A hearth destroys the complete sixth ground of the National Personnel Records Center of the United States.
1975 – São Tomé and Príncipe declare independence from Portugal.
1979 – The island country of Kiribati will become independent from the United Kingdom.
1998 – The Ulster Volunteer Force attacked a house in Ballymoney, County Antrim, Northern Ireland with a petrol bomb, killing the Quinn brothers.
2006 – The 2006 Lebanon War starts offevolved.
2007 – U.S. Army Apache helicopters engage in airstrikes towards civilians in Baghdad, Iraq; pictures from the cockpit is later leaked to the Internet.
2012 – Syrian Civil War: Government forces goal the homes of rebels and activists in Tremseh and kill everywhere between 68 and 150 humans.
2012 – A tank truck explosion kills greater than 100 human beings in Okobie, Nigeria.
2013 – Six people are killed and two hundred injured in a French passenger educate derailment in Brétigny-sur-Orge.
Holidays and observances
Nathan Söderblom (Lutheran, Episcopal Church (USA))
Birthday of the Heir to the Crown of Tonga (Tonga)
Christian feast day:
Feast of Saints Peter and Paul (Eastern Orthodox)
Hermagoras and Fortunatus
Jason of Thessalonica (Catholic Church)
Louis Martin and Marie-Azélie Guérin
Nabor and Felix
July 12 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
Independence Day, celebrates the independence of Kiribati from the United Kingdom in 1979.
Independence Day, celebrates the independence of São Tomé and Príncipe from Portugal in 1975.
The second day of Naadam (Mongolia)
The Twelfth, also known as Orangemen’s Day (Northern Ireland, Scotland, Newfoundland and Labrador)